2021 Year-End Investment and Tax Strategies
As the year comes to a close, there are important investment and tax strategies to be reminded of. With each strategy, there are nuances, and every situation is unique to you, therefore if you have any questions, please reach out to us well in advance of the end of the year.
Mark Your Calendars
The last day to sell investments and have the gain or loss count for the 2021 tax year is December 29. (The Canadian markets are closed on December 27 & 28, so you may wish to do this if needed, well before Christmas).
Convert Your RRSP to a RRIF
If you turn age 71 in 2021 you must convert your RRSP into a RRIF or an annuity before December 31. Not doing this could result in your RRSP accounts being deregistered and the entire value would be classified as income.
Tax Free Savings Account (TFSA) Contributions and Withdrawals
Contributing to a TFSA is a terrific way to grow your money tax free. Any individual who is 18 years and who has a valid social insurance number is eligible to open a TFSA. The contribution room in 2022 is $6,000 and if you have not contributed to it since its inception in 2009, your limit is $81,500. The sooner you contribute, the more time there is to have your money compound tax free.
If you plan to make a withdrawal from your TFSA, do it before December 31 as the amount withdrawn will be added to your contribution room for the following year.
There is an important distinction with naming a beneficiary in your TFSA that is described in the beneficiary designation section below. Please familiarize yourself with it.
If you have not made your 2021 RRSP contribution, consider setting up a Pre-Authorized Contribution (PAC). A PAC is a fixed amount which can be contributed to your RSP on a regular basis. You select the amount and the frequency and the contributions. The benefits are dollar-cost averaging, and it happens automatically and there is no need to worry about making a large lump sum contribution when the RSP contribution deadline is approaching. The contribution limit in 2021 is the lesser of 18% of your previous year’s earned income, up to a maximum of $27,830. The deadline to make contribution to 2021 tax year has not yet been announced, but, based on historical precedent, it would be March 1, 2022. If you turned or will be turning 71 in 2021, the last day you can contribute to your own RRSP is December 31, 2021.
Flow Through Shares
If RRSP contributions have been maximized, Canadians can further reduce their taxable income and gain tax credits by investing in Canadian-based companies focused on the exploration and development of natural resources.
The Federal Government allows Canadian resource companies that invest in the oil and gas, mining and renewable energy sectors to fully deduct certain exploration expenses, known as Canadian Exploration Expenses (CEE). To raise capital for exploration, those companies often issue flow-through shares and pass along the rights to claim the CEE to the purchasers of those shares. The shareholders are then able to typically deduct 100% of the CEE against their income.
Update Your Will and Power of Attorney
This is a very comprehensive topic, and if you do not yet have a will or power of attorney put in place, we strongly recommend that you do not delay. There are numerous decisions to be made regarding your medical care and to ensure that your assets are managed and distributed according to your wishes. A “do it yourself” will kit is not recommended. We can refer you to qualified estate planning lawyers to complete this very important function. If you already have a will, and if it has not been reviewed for quite some time or post a life event, consider having it reviewed to ensure that it is still relevant and represents your wishes as you currently intend.
Tax-loss selling is a strategy applicable only in taxable accounts that can lower your taxes owed by selling investments at a loss and then utilizing the losses to offset realized capital gains on other investments. While it is common and tempting to hold on to poorly performing investments until you break even, sometimes it is best to accept the loss and thereby create future tax-free gains. If you do not have realized capital gains in 2021, capital losses can be carried backward up to three years and/or carried forward indefinitely. Beware of the superficial loss rule and the capital loss rules with contributions in kind.
Charitable contributions qualify for a tax credit for up to 75% of your net income. In the year of death and one year prior, the limit is 100% of net income. At the federal level, the first $200 of charitable contributions result in a credit of 15% of the donated amount; a higher tax rate would be applied to additional amounts after the first $200 of that donation.
Another consideration is to donate publicly traded securities (stocks, bonds, mutual funds) that have appreciated in value in your non-registered account. The benefit is that you receive a tax receipt for the market value but do not pay capital gains on the appreciation. You must contribute before December 31 and only registered charities can issue official receipts for tax purposes. To confirm whether a Canadian charity is registered, visit the CRA website.
This does not have a December 31 deadline but it’s a good time to double check that you have designated beneficiaries on all registered accounts. A beneficiary is the person or entity that will receive the proceeds from your account when you pass away. Without a beneficiary named, your estate is the default beneficiary and there could be taxes and delays in accessing the proceeds. Keep in mind that due to life events such as death, separation and divorce, your beneficiaries should reflect the changes in your life.
With TFSA beneficiary designations, there is a choice to name a “beneficiary” or a “successor holder.” Upon the death of one spouse, the TFSA amount transfers tax free to the surviving spouse, however, there must be room in the surviving spouse’s TFSA to accommodate that growth and the growth will be taxed to the surviving spouse. With a “successor holder” named, the growth transfers tax free and there is no contribution room limit.
There are similar important considerations for married, common law, widowed and single individuals with a RRSP or RRIF. If you are uncertain if you selected the proper designations or if they reflect your intentions, reach out to us and we can help.
Depending where you are at in your life stage, having a minimum of 3 to 6 months living expenses can be very helpful when life presents an unexpected challenge.
Interest Payments on Prescribed Rate Loans
If you made a prescribed rate loan to your spouse, common-law partner, minor child or family trust, the interest payment on these loans must be made by January 30 of the following year in which the interest accrued. If the payment is not made then, the entire strategy can fall apart and the attribution rules would apply, resulting in the income earned, becoming taxed to the lender.
Review the Diversification and Investment Selection in Your Portfolio
How long has it been since your portfolio has been reviewed? Does it require rebalancing? Are the investment selections appropriate given the market conditions and do they still reflect the recommendations from your financial plan? Is the portfolio diversified into non-correlated asset classes? These are all questions that should be addressed annually and if this conversation hasn’t occurred, then aim to have it before year end. We would be happy to assist.
Regardless of what phase of life you are in, it’s always a good idea to review your financial plan, your investments and your estate planning documents. Do they reflect your current reality? Even if your documents are up to date, checking in with your legal and financial professionals about your long-term plans can ensure you are set up for success in the years to come.
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Sightline Wealth Management LP (“Sightline”) is an investment dealer and is a member of the Investment Industry Regulatory Organization of Canada (IIROC) and the Canadian Investor Protection Fund (CIPF). Sightline provides management and investment advisory services to high-net-worth individuals and institutional investors primarily through fee-based accounts.
Sightline Wealth Management LP is a wholly owned subsidiary of Ninepoint Financial Group Inc. (“NFG Inc.”). NFG Inc. is also the parent company of Ninepoint Partners LP, it is an investment fund manager and advisor and exempt market dealer. By virtue of the same parent company, Sightline is affiliated with Ninepoint Partners LP. Information and/or materials contained herein is for information purposes only and does not constitute an offer to sell or solicitation to purchase securities of any issuer or any portfolio managed by Sightline Wealth Management or Ninepoint Partners, including Ninepoint managed funds.
The opinions and information contained in this article are those of Sightline Wealth Management (“Sightline”) as of the date of this article and are subject to change without notice. Sightline endeavors to ensure that the content has been compiled from sources that we believe to be reliable. The information is not meant to be used as the primary basis of investment decisions and should not be constructed as advice. Each investor should obtain independent advice before making any investment decisions.